NYS Department of Health - Rabies
Protect your family and your pets from this fatal disease.
What is rabies, and how is it spread?
Rabies is a deadly virus that infects the central nervous system of mammals, including humans. It's most common in bats, raccoons, foxes, and skunks. Although rabies is primarily transmitted by a bite, there is some risk of infection if saliva or nerve tissue from a rabid animal gets into someone's eyes, nose, or mouth, or into an open wound. Rabies can only be positively diagnosed by testing tissue from the suspected animal, but it's usually characterized by changes in behavior.
How a rabid animal MAY behave:
Excessive drooling, "foaming at the mouth."
Dragging the hind legs, mobility problems.
When to call the Health Department:
Wildlife had contact with a person or pet.
Human contact with pet after pet/wildlife fight.
Bat found in the living space of your home.
Suffolk County Health Services (631) 853-3000
Nassau County Department of Health (516 571-3323)
If I see a nocturnal animal out during the day, does that mean it has rabies?
Nocturnal animals DO come out during the day. Often. This, alone, is not a sign of illness. Pet food, bird seed, and garbage can be powerful attractants. Weather changes also affect wildlife.
What should I do if I see an animal that appears to be rabid?
Stay away from any animal that's acting strangely, and let your neighbors know about its presence in the area.
If an animal does have rabies, how long will it take to die?
The infected animal usually dies within seven days of becoming sick. This seems like a long time to be on guard, but you also have to consider that the infected animal may have bitten other animals in the area. Not to alarm you, but it's a good idea to stay on guard.
How long will the rabies virus remain alive in the body of a dead animal?
The length of time that rabies remains alive in a dead animal depends primarily on the outside temperature. The virus could die within a few hours in warm weather and could stay alive for months in freezing temperatures.
Could my dog or cat get rabies from a dead animal that had rabies?
Yes, through an open wound or by chewing on the carcass. Have your vet administer a booster shot within five days. If your pet is unvaccinated, it must be confined for four months, or euthanized. You're not always going to know what your pet has been up to while outside, so the best protection for both your pet and your family is for you to keep your pet current with its rabies shots.
How do I safely dispose of a dead animal?
Use care when disposing of any dead animal. Wear gloves. Pick up the animal with a shovel. Then bury it (deep) or double-bag it and put it in the garbage. To kill the virus, sprinkle the ground and wash the shovel/gloves with a 10% solution of bleach in water (9 parts water, 1 part bleach).